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REPORTED SPEECH

في الإثنين مارس 22, 2010 6:18 pm


Tense Changes When Using Reported Speech

Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense indirect speech:
She said, "I am tired." She said that she was tired.
The changes are shown below:



Simple
present
Simple
past

"I always drink
coffee", she said


She said that she always
drank coffee.

Present

continuous
Past
continuous

"I am
reading
a book", he explained.


He explained that he was
reading
a book

Simple
past
Past
perfect

"Bill arrived
on Saturday", he said.


He said that Bill had
arrived
on Saturday

Present
perfect
Past
perfect

"I have
been
to Spain", he told me.


He told me that he had
been
to Spain

Past
perfect
Past
perfect

"I had
just turned
out the light," he explained.


He explained that he had
just turned out
the light.

Present
perfect continuous
Past
perfect continuous

They complained, "We have
been
waiting
for hours".


They complained that they
had been waiting for hours.

Past
continuous
Past
perfect continuous

"We were
living
in Paris", they told me.


They told me that they had
been living
in Paris.

Future Present
conditional

"I will
be
in Geneva on Monday", he said


He said that he would
be
in Geneva on Monday.

Future
continuous
Conditional
continuous

She said, "I'll
be using
the car next Friday".


She said that she would
be using
the car next Friday.





NOTE:

1. You do not need to change the tense if the reporting verb is in the present, or if the original statement was about something that is still true,
e.g.




  • He says he has missed the train but he'll catch the next one.
  • We explained that it is very difficult to find our house.



2. These modal verbs do not change in reported
speech:
might, could, would, should, ought to, e.g.




  • We explained that itcould be difficult to find our house.
  • She said that she might bring a friend to the party.









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رد: REPORTED SPEECH

في الثلاثاء مارس 27, 2012 4:59 am
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رد: REPORTED SPEECH

في الخميس مارس 29, 2012 12:16 am


مشكووووووووووووورة


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رد: REPORTED SPEECH

في الإثنين يوليو 30, 2012 3:39 am


Thank you




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