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some important literature definitions بعض التعريفات الهامة فى الادب الانجليزى  Empty some important literature definitions بعض التعريفات الهامة فى الادب الانجليزى

في الأحد سبتمبر 09, 2012 10:42 pm

some important literature definitions بعض التعريفات الهامة فى الادب الانجليزى
some important literature definitions بعض التعريفات الهامة فى الادب الانجليزى





Run-on Lines:

Lines in which the thought continues into the next line, as opposed to end-stopped.


The rhetorical question:

it is usually defined as any question asked for a purpose other than to obtain the information the question asks. For example, "Why are you so stupid?" is likely to be a statement regarding one's opinion of the person addressed rather than a genuine request to know. Similarly, when someone responds to a tragic event by saying, "Why me, God?!" it is more likely to be an accusation or an expression of feeling than a realistic request for information.



Apart from these more obviously rhetorical uses, the question as a grammatical form has important rhetorical dimensions. For example, the rhetorical critic may assess the effect of asking a question as a method of beginning discourse: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" says the persona of Shakespeare's 18th sonnet. This kind of rhetorical question, in which one asks the opinion of those listening, is called an acoenosis. This rhetorical question has a definite ethical dimension, since to ask in this way generally endears the speaker to the audience and so improves his or her credibility or ethos. The technical term for rhetorical questions in general is erotema.


Sonnet:

The term sonnet is derived from the Provencal word sonet and the Italian word sonetto, both meaning little song. By the thirteenth century, it had come to signify a poem of fourteen lines following a strict rhyme scheme and logical structure.


Piracy in literature


Piracy is robbery committed at sea, or sometimes on the shore, by an agent without a commission from a sovereign nation.

Piracy in East Asia

From the 13th century, Japan based Wokou made their debut in East Asia, initiating invasions that would persist for 300 years.


Piracy in Eastern Europe

One example of a pirate republic in Europe of the 16th century was Zaporizhian Sich. Situated in the remote Steppe, it was populated with Russian, Ukrainian, and Polish peasants that had run away from their feudal masters, outlaws of every sort, destitute gentry, run-away slaves from Turkish galleys, etc. The remoteness of the place and the rapids at the Dnepr river effectively guarded the place from invasions of vengeful powers. The main target of the inhabitants of Zaporizhian Sich who called themselves “Cossacks” were rich settlements at the Black Sea shores of Ottoman Empire.

Modern piracy


Piracy at sea continues into the present day. Partly because of the decline of the ability of European navies, especially the Royal Navy, to project their power , piracy in recent times has increased in areas such as south and southeast Asia (the South China Sea), parts of South America, the waters of the Indian Ocean and the south of the Red Sea, with pirates now favoring small boats and taking advantage of the small crew numbers on modern cargo vessels


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some important literature definitions بعض التعريفات الهامة فى الادب الانجليزى  Ouuuso11



English phonetics
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في الإثنين أكتوبر 08, 2012 10:13 pm

It is a highly effective topic

thanks


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في الثلاثاء مايو 24, 2016 11:48 pm

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