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 Place of Articulation in English (Phonetics) Empty Place of Articulation in English (Phonetics)

في الثلاثاء أكتوبر 02, 2012 6:36 pm


Place of Articulation in English (Phonetics)
Place of Articulation in English (Phonetics)



Place of Articulation

Bilabial
The sound is made by pressing both lips together, as in English /p/, /b/, and /m/.
Labio-dental
The top teeth meet the bottom lip, making sounds like English /f/ and /v/.
Dental
The tongue-tip is touching the back of the top-front teeth, as in French or Spanish /t/, /d/, /n/.
Interdental
The tongue is sticking out between the front teeth, like English ‹th› /ð/.
Alveolar
The tongue-tip is touching the ridge behind the top-front teeth, the usual place of articulation for English /t/, /d/, /n/.
Lateral
An “l” like sound – air is blowing around the edges of the tongue, while the middle of the tongue is blocking the flow, as in English /l/ and Welsh ‹ll›.
Palato-Alveolar
The flat part of the tongue is touching behind the alveolar ridge, like English ‹sh›, ‹ch›, ‹j›– /ʃ/, /ʧ/, /ʤ/.
Palatal
The flat part of the tongue is against the hard palate, creating a sort of “y” like flavour to the sound, as in English /y/, Italian /gl/, or Spanish /ñ/.
Velar
The back of the tongue is pushing up against the soft palate, like English /k/, /g/, and Scottish ‹ch› as in “loch”.
Uvular
The uvula is the hangy-bit at the back of the throat, try pushing the back of the tongue further than for /k/; this may feel uncomfortably like choking until you get used to it. Hebrew ‹ch› is usually uvular.
Pharyngeal
This sound is made by bringing the walls of the throat just below the tongue root and above the voice box closer together, it ends up sounding like a strong and raspy “h”. It occurs in Arabic, Maltese, Stoney, and some dialects of Breton. Epiglottal sounds (made even further back in the throat) are often variable with pharyngeal sounds. Distinctions between the two are not necessarily made on this web site.
Glottal
The glottis is the vocal cords/folds. English /h/ is glottal, as well as the break between the vowels in “uh-oh”. This break or glottal stop is very important in many languages, and must be regarded as a separate sound.
Affricate
When two sounds occur, one right after the other – stop then fricative (see below), it is an affricate. English ‹j› can be analysed as [d] [ʒ], but it counts as a single sound for English grammar. Hungarian ‹c› is an affricate made up of [t] [s]. English ‹ts› is not an affricate, because English grammar considers this two separate sounds.
Rounded
The lips are brought into a tight circle at the same time as the sound is articulated. Scottish ‹wh› could be considered a rounded /h/ (or a voiceless /w/), and English ‹qu› may be thought of as a rounded /k/.








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 Place of Articulation in English (Phonetics) Empty رد: Place of Articulation in English (Phonetics)

في الخميس نوفمبر 20, 2014 6:44 pm


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