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Forming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

في الإثنين يونيو 28, 2010 11:52 am



One-syllable adjectives.




Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable
adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the
superlative.


One-Syllable AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative Form
talltallertallest
oldolderoldest
longlongerlongest




  • Mary is taller than Max.
  • Mary is the tallest of all the students.
  • Max is older than John.
  • Of the three students, Max is the oldest.
  • My hair is longer than your hair.
  • Max's story is the longest story I've ever
    heard
    .





If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the
comparative form and –st for the superlative form.


One-Syllable Adjective with Final -eComparative FormSuperlative Form
largelargerlargest
wisewiserwisest




  • Mary's car is larger than Max's car.
  • Mary's house is the tallest of all the
    houses on the block.

  • Max is wiser than his brother.
  • Max is the wisest person I know.




If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a
vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative
form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.


One-Syllable Adjective Ending with a Single Consonant with a Single Vowel before ItComparative FormSuperlative Form
bigbiggerbiggest
thinthinner thinnest
fatfatterfattest




  • My dog is bigger than your dog.
  • My dog is the biggest of all the dogs in
    the neighborhood.

  • Max is thinner than John.
  • Of all the students in the class, Max is the
    thinnest
    .

  • My mother is fatter than your mother.
  • Mary is the fattest person I've ever seen.




Two-syllable adjectives.




With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more
and the superlative with most.


Two-Syllable AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative Form
peacefulmore peacefulmost peaceful
pleasantmore pleasant most pleasant
carefulmore carefulmost careful
thoughtfulmore thoughtfulmost thoughtful



  • This morning is more peaceful than
    yesterday morning.

  • Max's house in the mountains is the most peaceful in
    the world.

  • Max is more careful than Mike.
  • Of all the taxi drivers, Jack is the most careful.
  • Jill is more thoughtful than your sister.
  • Mary is the most thoughtful person I've ever
    met
    .





If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the y to
i and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative
form change the y to i and add –est.


Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -yComparative FormSuperlative Form
happyhappierhappiest
angryangrier angriest
busybusierbusiest




  • John is happier today than he was
    yesterday.

  • John is the happiest boy in the world.
  • Max is angrier than Mary.
  • Of all of John's victims, Max is the angriest.
  • Mary is busier than Max.
  • Mary is the busiest person I've ever met.




Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est
to form the comparative and superlative forms.



Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -er, -le, or -owComparative FormSuperlative Form
narrownarrowernarrowest
gentlegentler gentlest




  • The roads in this town are narrower than
    the roads in the city.

  • This road is the narrowest of all the
    roads in California.

  • Big dogs are gentler than small dogs.
  • Of all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are the
    gentlest
    .




[b]Adjectives with three or more syllables.





For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative
with more and the superlative with most.


Adjective with Three or More SyllablesComparative FormSuperlative Form
generousmore generousmost generous
importantmore important most important
intelligentmore intelligent most intelligent




  • John is more generous than Jack.
  • John is the most generous of all the
    people I know.

  • Health is more important than money.
  • Of all the people I know, Max is the most important.
  • Women are more intelligent than men.
  • Mary is the most intelligent person I've ever
    met
    .




Exceptions.




Irregular adjectives.

Irregular AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative Form
goodbetterbest
badworse worst
farfarther farthest
littleless least
manymore most




  • Italian food is better than American food.
  • My dog is the best dog in the world.
  • My mother's cooking is worse than your
    mother's cooking.

  • Of all the students in the class, Max is the worst.




Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can
be used with -er and -est and with more and most.


Two-Syllable AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative Form
clevercleverercleverest
clevermore clever most clever
gentlegentler gentlest
gentlemore gentle most gentle
friendlyfriendlier friendliest
friendlymore friendly most friendly
quietquieter quietest
quietmore quiet most quiet
simplesimpler simplest
simplemore simple most simple




  • Big dogs are gentler than small dogs.
  • Of all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are the
    gentlest
    .

  • Big dogs are more gentle than small dogs.
  • Of all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are the
    most gentle
    .











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رد: Forming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

في الثلاثاء مارس 27, 2012 12:50 am




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رد: Forming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

في الخميس مارس 29, 2012 6:48 am


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Ms.Faten
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رد: Forming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

في الأحد أبريل 01, 2012 9:28 pm


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