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Word Stress in English Empty Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:40 pm


Word Stress in English

Word stress is your magic key
to understanding spoken English. Native speakers of English use word
stress naturally. Word stress is so natural for them that they don't
even know they use it. Non-native speakers who speak English to native
speakers without using word stress, encounter two problems:

  1. They
    find it difficult to understand native speakers, especially those
    speaking fast.
  2. The native speakers may find it difficult to
    understand them.
In this lesson we look at the most
important aspects of word stress, followed by a short quiz to check your
understanding:


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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:42 pm


Understanding Syllables

To understand word stress, it helps
to understand syllables.
Every word is made from syllables.
Each
word has one, two, three or more syllables.
wordnumber
of syllables
dogdog1
greengreen1
quitequite1
quietqui-et2
orangeor-ange2
tableta-ble2
expensiveex-pen-sive3
interestingin-ter-est-ing4
realisticre-al-is-tic4
unexceptionalun-ex-cep-tion-al5
Notice
that (with a few rare exceptions) every syllable contains at least one vowel
(a, e, i, o or u) or vowel sound.


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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:44 pm


What is Word Stress?

In English, we do not say each syllable
with the same force or strength. In one word, we accentuate ONE
syllable. We say one syllable very loudly (big, strong,
important) and all the other syllables very quietly.Let's
take 3 words: photograph, photographer and photographic.
Do they sound the same when spoken? No. Because we accentuate (stress)
ONE syllable in each word. And it is not always the same syllable. So
the shape of each word is different.
click word to hearWord Stress in English Soundshapetotal
syllables
stressed
syllable
PHO TO GRAPHWord Stress in English Syll-bigWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-smallWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-small3#1
PHO TO GRAPH ERWord Stress in English Syll-smallWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-bigWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-smallWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-small4#2
PHO TO GRAPH ICWord Stress in English Syll-smallWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-smallWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-bigWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-small4#3
This
happens in ALL words with 2 or more syllables: TEACHer, JaPAN, CHINa,
aBOVE, converSAtion, INteresting, imPORtant, deMAND, etCETera, etCETera,
etCETeraThe syllables that are not stressed are weak
or small or quiet. Native speakers of
English listen for the STRESSED syllables, not the weak syllables. If
you use word stress in your speech, you will instantly and automatically
improve your pronunciation and your comprehension.Try to
hear the stress in individual words each time you listen to English - on
the radio, or in films for example. Your first step is to HEAR and
recognise it. After that, you can USE it!There are two very
important rules about word stress:

  1. One word, one stress.
    (One word cannot have two stresses. So if you hear two stresses, you
    have heard two words, not one word.)
  2. The stress is always on a
    vowel.



Ms.Faten
Ms.Faten
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:50 pm


Why is Word Stress Important?


Word stress is not used in all languages. Some languages, Japanese or
French for example, pronounce each syllable with eq-ual em-pha-sis.Other
languages, English for example, use word stress.Word stress is
not an optional extra that you can add to the English language if you
want. It is part of the language! English speakers use word
stress to communicate rapidly and accurately, even in difficult
conditions. If, for example, you do not hear a word clearly, you can
still understand the word because of the position of the stress.Think
again about the two words photograph and photographer.
Now imagine that you are speaking to somebody by telephone over a very
bad line. You cannot hear clearly. In fact, you hear only the first two
syllables of one of these words, photo... Which word is it,
photograph or photographer? Of course, with word stress you will know
immediately which word it is because in reality you will hear either PHOto...
or phoTO... So without hearing the whole word, you
probably know what the word is ( PHOto...graph or phoTO...grapher). It's magic! (Of course, you also
have the 'context' of your conversation to help you.)This is a
simple example of how word stress helps us understand English. There are
many, many other examples, because we use word stress all the time,
without thinking about it.




عدل سابقا من قبل MRS.FATEN في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:53 pm عدل 1 مرات
Ms.Faten
Ms.Faten
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المزاج : عال اوى :)
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:52 pm


Where do I Put Word Stress?

There are some rules
about which syllable to stress. But...the rules are rather complicated!
Probably the best way to learn is from experience. Listen carefully to
spoken English and try to develop a feeling for the "music" of the
language.When you learn a new word, you should also learn its
stress pattern. If you keep a vocabulary book, make a note to show which
syllable is stressed. If you do not know, you can look in a dictionary.
All dictionaries give the phonetic spelling of a word. This is where
they show which syllable is stressed, usually with an apostrophe (')
just before or just after the stressed syllable. (The
notes at the front of the dictionary will explain the system used.) Look
at (and listen to) this example for the word plastic. There are 2
syllables. Syllable #1 is stressed.
examplephonetic spelling:
dictionary A
phonetic spelling:
dictionary B
PLAS TICWord Stress in English Syll-bigWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-smallWord Stress in English Syll-bigWord Stress in English PixelWord Stress in English Syll-small
/plæs'tIk//'plæs tIk/


Ms.Faten
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:54 pm


Rules of Word Stress in English

There are two very simple
rules about word stress:

  1. One word has only one stress.
    (One word cannot have two stresses. If you hear two stresses, you hear
    two words. Two stresses cannot be one word. It is true that there can be
    a "secondary" stress in some words. But a secondary stress is much
    smaller than the main [primary] stress, and is only used in long words.)
  2. We
    can only stress vowels, not consonants.

Here are some more, rather complicated,
rules that can help you understand where to put the stress. But do not
rely on them too much, because there are many exceptions. It is better
to try to "feel" the music of the language and to add the stress
naturally.
1 Stress on first syllable
ruleexample
Most
2-syllable nouns
PRESent, EXport, CHIna, TAble
Most
2-syllable adjectives
PRESent, SLENder, CLEVer, HAPpy

2 Stress on last syllable
ruleexample
Most
2-syllable verbs
to preSENT, to exPORT, to deCIDE, to
beGIN


Ms.Faten
Ms.Faten
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الادارة
انثى عدد الرسائل : 2290
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:55 pm


There are many two-syllable words in English whose meaning and class
change with a change in stress. The word present, for example is a
two-syllable word. If we stress the first syllable, it is a noun (gift)
or an adjective (opposite of absent). But if we stress the second
syllable, it becomes a verb (to offer). More examples: the words export,
import , contract and object can all be nouns or
verbs depending on whether the stress is on the first or second
syllable.


Ms.Faten
Ms.Faten
الادارة
الادارة
انثى عدد الرسائل : 2290
العمر : 35
العمل/الترفيه : معلمة لغة انجليزية و مترجمة
المزاج : عال اوى :)
نقاط : 5829
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:56 pm


Rules
of Word Stress in English

There are two very simple rules about
word stress:

  1. One word has only one stress. (One word
    cannot have two stresses. If you hear two stresses, you hear two words.
    Two stresses cannot be one word. It is true that there can be a
    "secondary" stress in some words. But a secondary stress is much smaller
    than the main [primary] stress, and is only used in long words.)
  2. We
    can only stress vowels, not consonants.

Here are some more, rather complicated,
rules that can help you understand where to put the stress. But do not
rely on them too much, because there are many exceptions. It is better
to try to "feel" the music of the language and to add the stress
naturally.
1 Stress on first syllable
ruleexample
Most
2-syllable nouns
PRESent, EXport, CHIna, TAble
Most
2-syllable adjectives
PRESent, SLENder, CLEVer, HAPpy

2 Stress on last syllable
ruleexample
Most
2-syllable verbs
to preSENT, to exPORT, to deCIDE, to
beGIN

There are many
two-syllable words in English whose meaning and class change with a
change in stress. The word present, for example is a two-syllable
word. If we stress the first syllable, it is a noun (gift) or an
adjective (opposite of absent). But if we stress the second syllable, it
becomes a verb (to offer). More examples: the words export, import,
contract and object can all be nouns or verbs depending
on whether the stress is on the first or second syllable.3
Stress on penultimate syllable (penultimate = second from end)
ruleexample
Words
ending in -ic
GRAPHic, geoGRAPHic, geoLOGic
Words
ending in -sion and -tion
teleVIsion, reveLAtion


For a few words, native English speakers don't always
"agree" on where to put the stress. For example, some people say teleVIsion
and others say TELevision. Another example is: CONtroversy
and conTROversy.


Ms.Faten
Ms.Faten
الادارة
الادارة
انثى عدد الرسائل : 2290
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العمل/الترفيه : معلمة لغة انجليزية و مترجمة
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 5:56 pm


4 Stress on ante-penultimate syllable (ante-penultimate =
third from end)
ruleexample
Words
ending in -cy, -ty, -phy and -gy
deMOcracy,
dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOLogy
Words ending in -alCRItical,
geoLOGical
5 Compound words (words
with two parts)
ruleexample
For
compound nouns, the stress is on the first part
BLACKbird,
GREENhouse
For compound adjectives, the stress
is on the second part
bad-TEMpered, old-FASHioned
For
compound verbs, the stress is on the second part
to
underSTAND, to overFLOW


Ms.Faten
Ms.Faten
الادارة
الادارة
انثى عدد الرسائل : 2290
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المزاج : عال اوى :)
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 6:04 pm


منقول من موقع
ENGLISH CLUB

Word Stress in English Lol





Word Stress in English Ouuuso11



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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الأربعاء مارس 28, 2012 11:53 pm


مشكووووووووورة


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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الإثنين أبريل 02, 2012 2:26 am


Word Stress in English 1431078303




لا اله الا انت سبحانك انتى كنت من الظالمين
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Word Stress in English Empty رد: Word Stress in English

في الإثنين مايو 01, 2017 10:07 pm


بشركم الله بالجنة
وجعله في ميزان حسناتكم
تحياتي لكم


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