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English Parts of Speech

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 6:08 pm


English Parts of Speech



There are thousands of words in any language. But not all words have the same
job. For example, some words express "action". Other words express a
"thing". Other words "join" one word to another word. These are the
"building blocks" of the language. Think of them like the parts of a
house. When we want to build a house, we use concrete to make the
foundations or base. We use bricks to make the walls. We use window
frames to make the windows, and door frames to make the doorways. And we
use cement to join them all together. Each part of the house has its
own job. And when we want to build a sentence, we use the different
types of word. Each type of word has its own job.
We can categorize English words into 8 basic types or classes. These classes
are called "parts of speech".
It's quite important to recognize
parts of speech. This helps you to analyze sentences and understand
them. It also helps you to construct good sentences.
In this lesson, we have an overview of the eight parts of speech, followed by a
quiz to check your understanding:


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رد: English Parts of Speech

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 6:10 pm


Parts of Speech Table

This is a summary of the 8 parts of
speech*. You can find more detail if you click on each part of speech.
part of speechfunction or
"job"
example wordsexample
sentences
Verbaction or state(to) be, have, do,
like, work, sing, can, must
EnglishClub.com is
a web site. I like
EnglishClub.com.
Nounthing or personpen, dog, work,
music, town, London, teacher, John
This is my dog.
He lives in my house. We live in London.
Adjectivedescribes a nouna/an, the, 69, some,
good, big, red, well, interesting
My dog is big.
I like big dogs.
Adverbdescribes a verb, adjective or adverbquickly,
silently, well, badly, very, really
My dog eats quickly.
When he is very hungry, he eats really
quickly.
Pronounreplaces a nounI, you, he, she, someTara is Indian. She is beautiful.
Prepositionlinks a noun to another wordto, at,
after, on, but
We went toon school
Monday.
Conjunctionjoins clauses or sentences or wordsand,
but, when
I like dogs and I like cats. I
like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats.
Interjectionshort exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentenceoh!, ouch!, hi!, wellOuch!
That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.
*
Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10
parts of speech. At EnglishClub.com, we use the traditional
categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other
categorizations are:

  • Verbs may be treated as two different
    parts of speech:


    • Lexical Verbs (work, like, run)
    • Auxiliary
      Verbs
      (be, have, must)

    </li>
  • Determiners
    may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being
    categorized under Adjectives



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رد: English Parts of Speech

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 6:10 pm


Parts of Speech Examples

Here are some sentences made with
different English parts of speech:
<table border="1" cellpadding="7" cellspacing="0"><tr><td>verb</td></tr><tr><td>Stop!</td></tr></table>
<table border="1" cellpadding="7" cellspacing="0"><tr><td>noun</td><td>verb</td></tr><tr><td>John</td><td>works.</td></tr></table>
<table border="1" cellpadding="7" cellspacing="0"><tr><td>noun</td><td>verb</td><td>verb</td></tr><tr><td>John</td><td>is</td><td>working.</td></tr></table>


<table border="1" cellpadding="7" cellspacing="0"><tr><td>pronoun</td><td>verb</td><td>noun</td></tr><tr><td>She</td><td>loves</td><td>animals.</td></tr></table>
<table border="1" cellpadding="7" cellspacing="0"><tr><td>noun</td><td>verb</td><td>adjective</td><td>noun</td></tr><tr><td>Animals</td><td>like</td><td>kind</td><td>people.</td></tr></table>


<table border="1" cellpadding="7" cellspacing="0"><tr><td>noun</td><td>verb</td><td>noun</td><td>adverb</td></tr><tr><td>Tara</td><td>speaks</td><td>English</td><td>well.</td></tr></table>
<table border="1" cellpadding="7" cellspacing="0"><tr><td>noun</td><td>verb</td><td>adjective</td><td>noun</td></tr><tr><td>Tara</td><td>speaks</td><td>good</td><td>English.</td></tr></table>


pronounverbprepositionadjectivenounadverb
Sherantothestationquickly.


pron.verbadj.nounconjunctionpron.verbpron.
ShelikesbigsnakesbutIhatethem.
Here
is a sentence that contains every part of speech:
interjectionpron.conj.adj.nounverbprep.nounadverb
Well,sheandyoungJohnwalktoschoolslowly.


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رد: English Parts of Speech

في الأربعاء مارس 03, 2010 6:11 pm


Words with More than One Job

Many words in English can have
more than one job, or be more than one part of speech. For example,
"work" can be a verb and a noun; "but" can be a conjunction and a
preposition; "well" can be an adjective, an adverb and an interjection.
In addition, many nouns can act as adjectives.To analyze the part
of speech, ask yourself: "What job is this word doing in this
sentence?"In the table below you can see a few examples. Of
course, there are more, even for some of the words in the table. In
fact, if you look in a good dictionary you will see that the word but
has six jobs to do:

  • verb, noun, adverb, pronoun, preposition
    and conjuction!


wordpart of speechexample
worknounMy work is
easy.
verbI work in London.
butconjunctionJohn came but
Mary didn't come.
prepositionEveryone came but
Mary.
welladjectiveAre
you well?
adverbShe speaks well.
interjectionWell!
That's expensive!
afternoonnounWe
ate in the afternoon.
noun acting as adjectiveWe
had afternoon tea.


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رد: English Parts of Speech

في الثلاثاء مارس 27, 2012 3:57 am




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رد: English Parts of Speech

في الخميس مارس 29, 2012 6:35 am


مشكووووووووورة


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رد: English Parts of Speech

في السبت ديسمبر 31, 2016 11:57 pm


Thank you تصفيق


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رد: English Parts of Speech

في الأربعاء يناير 11, 2017 3:14 pm


Thank you


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